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Safar 13 Thursday Hijrah 1442
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Title – The Message   Preface   Arabian Peninsula the Cradle of Islamic Culture   Arabia before Islam   Conditions of Roman and Iranian Empires   Ancestors of the Prophet   Birth of the Prophet   Childhood of the Prophet   Rejoining the Family   Period of Youth   From Shepherd to Merchant   From Marriage up to Prophethood   The First Manifestation of Reality   The First Revelation   Who were the First Persons to Embrace Islam?   Cessation of revelation   General Invitation   Judgement of Quraysh about the Holy Qur’an   The First Migration   Rusty Weapons   The Fiction of Gharaniq   Economic Blockade   Death of Abu Talib   Me’raj – The Heavenly Ascension   Journey to Ta’if   The Agreement of Aqabah   The Event of Migration   The Events of the First Year of Migration   Some Events of the First and Second years of Migration   The Events of the Second Year of Migration   Change of Qiblah   The Battle of Badr   Dangerous Designs of the Jews   The Events of the Third Year of Migration   The Events of the Third and Fourth years of Migration   The Jews Quit the Zone of Islam   The Events of the Fourth Year of Migration   The Events of the Fifth Year Of Migration   The Battle of Ahzab   The Last Stage of Mischief   The Events of the Fifth and Sixth years of Migration   The events of the Sixth Year of Migration   A Religious and Political Journey   The Events of the Seventh Year of Migration   Fort of Khayber the Centre of Danger   The Story of Fadak   The Lapsed ‘Umrah   The Events of the Eighth Year of Migration   The Battle of Zatus Salasil   The Conquest of Makkah   The Battle of Hunayn   The Battle of Ta’if   The Famous Panegyric of Ka’b Bin Zuhayr   The Events of the Ninth Year of Migration   The Battle of Tabuk   The Deputation of Thaqif goes to Madina   The Prophet Mourning for his Son   Eradication of Idol-Worship in Arabia   Representatives of Najran in Madina   The Events of the Tenth Year of Migration   The Farewell Hajj   Islam is completed by the Appointment of Successor   The Events of the Eleventh Year of Migration   A Will which was not written   The Last Hours of the Prophet  

 

Chapter 4: The Life of Jesus – His Characteristics

 

1. The Apostle of Allah (‘s) said, “I saw Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Moses was a tall man, and his hair was hanging down, like the men of the ZuT, and like the men of the Shanu’ah.([18]) Jesus was a ruddy faced man with curly hair and medium height.” Then he was silent. They said to him, “O Apostle of Allah! What about Abraham?” He said, “Look at your companion [me].” (Bihàr 12, 10, 24)

2. Àminah [the mother of the Prophet] said, “When the birth of the Apostle of Allah became near I would hear a sound, ‘Bring Muhammad (‘s) around the East and West and show him to the jinn, people, birds and wild animals and give him the clarity of Adam, the tenderness of Noah, the loveliness of Abraham, the tongue of Ismà‘íl, the perfection of Joseph, the good news of Ya‘qub, the voice of David, the asceticism of John and the nobility of Jesus.’ Then he appeared [i.e., the Prophet (‘s) was born]. So, I faced him….” (Bihàr, 15, 272, 17)

3. The Apostle of Allah (‘s) said, “Everyone who wants to look at Adam in his knowledge, Noah in his piety, Abraham in his perseverance (hilm), Moses in his awe and Jesus in his worship should look at ‘Alí ibn Abí Tàlib.” (Bihàr, 39, 39)

4. It is reported from Abu al-Hamrà’ that the Prophet (‘s) said, “Everyone who wants to look at Adam in his dignity, Moses in the intensity of his grip,19 and Jesus in his asceticism, should look at the one coming.” Then ‘Alí (‘a) came. (Bihàr, 40, 78)

5. It is reported that Abu Dhàrr al-Ghifàrí said, “One day we were before the Apostle of Allah (‘s) when he stood, bowed, and prostrated in thanks to Allah, the Exalted. Then he said, ‘O Jundab! Whoever wants to look at Adam in his knowledge, Noah in his understanding, Abraham in his friendship, Moses in his intimate prayers, and Jesus in his journeying, Job in his patience and calamity, look at the man coming who is like the sun and the moon in radiance, and stars shining bright, whose heart is bravest of all people, and whose hand is more generous, so that may the curse of Allah, the angels and the people be upon those who hate him.’ He said, ‘The people turned to see who was coming when ‘Alí ibn Abí Tàlib (‘a) came.” (Bihàr, 39, 38, 9)

6. Ibn ‘Abbàs said, “Gabriel was near the Prophet at the right side of him, then the Commander of the Faithful came. Gabriel laughed and said, ‘… O Muhammad! If you yearn for the face of Jesus and his worship, the asceticism of John and his obedience, the inheritence of Solomon and his generosity, look at the face of ‘Alí ibn Abu Tàlib.’ Then Allah the Exalted sent: (And when the example of the son of Mary is given, they laughed and exclaimed their surprise) (43:57), that is, the son of Mary is like ‘Alí ibn Abu Tàlib and ‘Alí is like Jesus. (Bihàr, 35, 47)

7. When a comparison was made before the Apostle of Allah, in his loudest voice he said, “O servants of Allah! Whoever wants to look at Adam in his majesty, to look at Seth in his wisdom, to look at Idrís in his nobility and dignity, to look at Noah in his thanks to his Lord and his worship, to look at Abraham in his friendship and loyalty, to look at Moses in his hatred to every enemy of Allah and his opposing them, and to look at Jesus in his love of every believer and his good relations, look at ‘Alí ibn Abu Tàlíb, here.” (Tafsír al-Imàm al-‘Askarí, 498)

8. The Apostle of Allah (‘s) said, “He who wants to look at the asceticism of Jesus the son of Mary, look at Abu Dhar.” (Bihàr, 22, 343)

9. It is reported that the Apostle of Allah said, “The imams after me are twelve, the number of the months of the year, and from us is the Mahdí of this community who will have the awesomeness of Moses, the magnificence of Jesus, the judgment of David and the patience of Job.” (Bihàr, 36, 303, 141)

10. Zayd al-Kunàsí said, “I heard that Abu Ja‘far would say, ‘In the Sàhib hàdhà al-‘amr [the twelfth Imàm] there is an attribute (sunnah) of Joseph, an attribute of Moses, an attribute of Jesus and an attribute of Muhammad. As though his likeness to Joseph is that his brothers acknowledge him as a leader and address him while they do not know him. His likeness to Moses is that he is fearful. His likeness to Jesus is journeying and his likeness to Muhammad is the sword.'” 20 (Dalà’il al-Imàmah, 291)

11. Sa‘íd ibn Jubayr reported, “I heard the saying of ‘Alí ibn al-Husayn, ‘There are many attributes (sunnah) of six prophets in our al-Qàim: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Job and Muhammad. As for the attribute from Noah, it is long life, from Abraham, it is having a hidden birth and being separated from the people, from Moses, it is fear and absence, from Jesus, it is the disagreement of people about him, from Job, it is release after suffering and from Muhammad (‘s), it is going out with the sword. (Al-Siràt al-Mustaqím, 2, 238)

12. Jàbir reported that Abu Ja‘far (‘a) said, “Verily the Lord, the blessed and almighty, says, ‘Enter into heaven by my mercy, save yourselves from the Fire by my pardon and divide the heaven according to your deeds. By My glory! I will send you down in the everlasting and noble dwelling.’ When they enter it they will become like Adam with his height…, like Jesus, with the youth of thirty- three years, like Muhammad with the Arabic language, like Joseph, with a beautiful figure shining with light, and like Job, with a heart of purity from hatred.” (Bihàr, 8, 218, 207)

13. Abu ‘Abdullah (‘a) said, “…Then Noah took the Ark (of the covenant) and buried it in al-Gharí, the part of the mountain on which Allah talked with Moses, on which He sanctified Jesus, on which He took Abraham as a friend, took Muhammad as a beloved, and made it a dwelling for the prophets….” (Jàmi‘ al-Akhbàr, 21)

14. Among the intimate conversations between Allah and Moses ibn Imràn is, “O Moses! I recommend to you as One Who is kind and compassionate to you Ibn Batul, Jesus the son of Mary, who has a donkey and a burnoose, olive oil and olives and a prayer niche.” (Bihàr 13, 332, 13)

15. The Prophet (‘s) said, “Whoever says the prayer of Tuesday night with thirty rak‘a and in each rak‘a he reads Sura Hamd and the verse al-Kursí one time and Sura Tawhíd seven times, Allah will give him the reward of Job, the patient, John the son of Zachariah and Jesus the son of Mary….” (Mustadrak al-Wasà’il, 6, 370, 7014)

Notes:

18. The Zut are a tribe from India, with wide faces with little facial hair, and the Shanwah are like the Qahtaniyah of the Arabs. -Majlísí

19. Compare the language in (85:12).

20. The sword is used as a symbol of authority, not as a symbol of war or violence.

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